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Dogs come in so many different breeds, colors, and sizes! Ranging from Retrievers to Bulldogs to Hounds, there are so many dog breeds to choose from. One very popular type of dog is the ‘Spitz.’ The word ‘Spitz’ means ‘pointed’ in German. Most Spitz breeds have a pointed nose, a wolf-like appearance, a heavy double coat, and a feathery rounded tail.
Dog breeds that fall in the Spitz category are affectionate, intelligent, and loyal. They are also bold and independent dogs that respond well to their primary owner. Spitz dog breeds are also working dogs. They can suit various purposes such as hauling sleds, herding animals, and retrieving game. Due to their heavy cost, they need regular brushing in order to minimize shedding.
Approximately 50-70 dog breeds fall within the Spitz category, and there is no hardline definition of the Spitz category (akc.org).
Let’s have a look at some of the most spectacular Spitz breeds.
The Samoyed is a breed native to Siberia. They have thick white coats and naturally smiling expressions. The thick coat helps them stay warm in Siberia’s frigid temperatures. The naturally smiling expression is because their mouth has upturned corners. This stops them from drooling so that icicles don’t form on their face. The Samoyed is a powerful and graceful medium to large-sized dog that lived with semi-nomadic people. It served useful purposes of guarding, hunting, herding reindeer, and pulling sleds. The Samoyed dog breed is loving, loyal, adaptable, and popular, even to this day. This breed requires plenty of exercise and outdoor time, as well as affection from its owners.
The Indian Spitz belongs to the Spitz category and is native to India. It was first introduced by the British during the colonial era, in the 19th century. This breed is a descendant of the German Spitz. After years of breeding, this of the species was created. The Indian Spitz was able to cope with the intensely hot summers of the Indian subcontinent while retaining the adaptability and intelligence of the German Spitz. The Indian Spitz resembles a Samoyed and Pomeranian in appearance. It can also easily adapt to the Indian subcontinent’s climatic conditions.
An extremely popular toy breed, the Pomeranian weighs less than seven pounds. Yet it makes up for its tiny size with a commanding personality! The Pomeranian is unlike many other breeds that fall within the Spitz category. The pom has been a favorite choice for famous historical figures and royals like Marie Antoinette and Queen Victoria. The Pomeranian is more than a simple lapdog. They are intelligent dogs that are great at canine sports and often serve as therapy dogs. They are alert barkers and make pocket-sized watchdogs.
The German Spitz and the Pomeranian are closely related. Infect both these breeds share the same ancestry. The German Spitz is bigger in size and can weigh 25 lbs. and grow to 15 inches in height. The German Spitz love attention and are a lively and loving breed. They are also known to be extremely devoted to their owners. They are also extremely independent dogs and can be stubborn sometimes. The German Spitz is also a highly trainable breed but requires a degree of consistency.
The Siberian Husky is famous for its wolf-like appearance and its reputation as a sled dog. This breed has its originsin the semi-nomadic Chukchi people. These people resided in the frozen northeastern Asian regions. Functioning in packs, the Siberian Husky can pull light loads across vast distances with sleds. The Siberian Husky is known to be an extremely friendly breed. Huskies are also playful, energetic, and amicable. The Siberian Husky is one of the most popular Spitz breeds in the US. That being said, the breed does have some negative traits. They possess a high prey drive. They also need a lot of physical and mental stimulation due to their natural desire to roam.
Alaskan Malamutes closely resemble the Siberian Husky, but the Malamute is larger. At times a Malamute can weigh twice as much as a husky. They are one of the oldest dog breeds. This breed can be traced back to domesticated wolves that accompanied paleolithic hunters. So rightly said, the Alaskan Malamute is a classic dog breed. Even though they are called the ‘Alaskan’ Malamute, the breed originated from Serbia. The Malamute’s ancestors entered Alaska several thousands of years ago. The Alaskan Malamute, similar to the Siberian Husky, are also sled dogs. They specialize in the hauling of large sleighs across the arctic, but they lack in terms of speed. If keeping a Malamute at home, you should know that they also require large amounts of daily exercise, being high-energy dogs.
The American Eskimo dog is also known for its high level of intelligence. This breed has long fluffy white coats and mild temperament. They are not too aggressive or too timid. The Eskimo dog breed is vigilant and alert. Though they are friendly by nature, they are not too aloof around unfamiliar humans. Even though this breed is named the American ‘Eskimo’ dog, they are not historically linked to Eskimos. The breed entered the US through German immigrants in the early 19th century. This breed is also closely related to the German Spitz. It can be said that the German Spitz is a direct descendant of the American Eskimo dog.
These are all great dogs and we wish we had one of each. 🙂 If you have one of these dogs, we would love to see pictures, so email them over.